Trans Children & Schools

Teikning af Fjólu fagna með öðrum krökkum

Trans children now come out both younger and to a greater extent than before, and schools are constantly realizing that they are not prepared for it. On this web page, information on trans children has been compiled along with two types of checklists, one for schools where a child has recently come out as a trans or is about to start studying at the school, and the other for schools that want to become 'trans friendly' regardless of whether they have trans students. A gender support plan for trans students has also been created.


The checklists are adapted for both the primary and preschool levels. They are available as PDF files. It's a good idea to view the content on this page when reviewing the checklists.


Support Plan

A gender support plan has been created for primary schools with trans students. The support plan is based on foreign plans and is meant for trans students and students with atypical gender expression and school staff together with the students’ guardians. The plan covers many aspects with a view to obtaining a good overview of the student's status, how the school can support the student, and what practical aspects need to be considered. The idea is for the student, guardians, and school representatives to meet and review the plan together. It is best to hold the meeting as soon as possible so that appropriate support can be ensured.

Note that not all parts of the support plan apply to all students both for reasons of age but also considering the unique situation of each individual. It is good practice to evaluate each of the examples and even get recommendations from elsewhere.

Material useful for trans children, immediate family, and professionals

Here is a list of LGBT+ education material including books, articles, videos, and more, covering LGBT+ issues, including transgender child and adult issues. Each item has a brief description of the content as well as its language, as well as who it might be appropriate for. When using material for children, it is good to use it as a starting point for discussions.

You can also check out the 2021 Gender and LGBT+ Education Material Report, which groups content by school level.

Definitions & Status of Trans Children

It is important to recognize the gender identity of transgender children and celebrate their gender expression and choice of name and pronoun, for example they/them, he/him, she/her etc. Education for those working with trans children as well as their immediate family is an important part of improving their well-being, but there is also a need to change the structure and organization of institutions such as schools and after-school centers.

School-based gender segregation and birthday groups

Gender segregation can be exclusionary and create problems for trans and intersex children and, at the same time, re-affirm ideas about gender differences and sexual stereotypes. It is important to look for other ways to divide groups, and grouping by gender should only be used in a well-considered and justified manner as a means to a specific goal, and in these cases only temporarily. Many schools and after-school centers are now reviewing gender segregation that has been used in their activities for a long time, for instance in relation to birthday groups, sports, dad-and-mom coffee, etc. Good solutions can always be found that ensure that all genders and all families can participate. Below are guidelines and information on birthdays and birthday groups in schools. The objective is to move away from gender segregation as it can be exclusionary for trans children as well as other children, and it goes against the goals of legislation and policies on equal opportunities.

Communities and support for trans people and immediate families

Trans Iceland is a support and activist organisation for trans people in Iceland. They have a website with a variety of information about trans people, including a brochure intended for media professionals on how best to cover trans people.

Trans Friends is an advocacy organization for parents and the immediate families of trans children and young people in Iceland. Their website has more about the organization and various information about trans children and young people.

Samtokin '78 maintains a support group for the immediate families of trans children and young people and provides free counseling for trans people and their families.

More information, education, and advice

The Office of Human Rights and Democracy provides training, support, and recommendations on LGBT+ issues as well as gender equality issues in general.

  • You can apply for Rainbow Certification by contacting Svandis or through
  • The Equality School (Jafnréttisskólinn) provides support and advice, as well as education, on equality issues in both Reykjavik City schools and after-school centers. The project director of the Equality School is Kolbrun Hrund Sigurgeirsdottir:
  • Samtokin '78 have an agreement with Reykjavik City and provide training to students on LGBT+ issues and people in Reykjavik City schools free of charge. Counseling is also available for LGBT+ children/people and their immediate families free of charge. You can register for education on the website of Samtokin '78
  • Samtokin '78 and Tjornin run a LGBT+ Community Center for all young people aged 13 to 16 who identify as LGBT+ or have another connection with LGBT+ issues. The Community Center is open every Tuesday evening from 7:30 pm to 10 pm. LGBT+ social activities are also available for 10-12 year olds. Hrefna Thorarinsdottir is the director and she provides further information about their activities and opening hours. The director can be contacted via email or phone at 6908904.

You can contact Svandis Arna Sigurdardottir, LGBT+ & Equality Specialist: