Abstinence and contamination

Over the past two decades, major improvements have been made in drainage in the capital. Excavations are all manpower erected for the handling, transport or cleaning of scrap (piping, piping system, collective sewage and scrap handling and cleaning equipment).

Abstinence and contamination

The city's sewerage system is doubled in newer neighbourhoods erected after 1965. The Metropolitan Sewage System transfers all scum from households and businesses to wastewater treatment plants. Other things are about top water. Top water is rainwater and loosening water that drains from roofs, streets, parking lots, sidewalks, and other dense surfaces. It enters special topsoil systems, does not pass through a wastewater treatment plant and is discharged to the nearest receptacle, which may be a creek, a river or a coastal sea.

Every year, the National Health Service receives indications of contaminants that reach the receptacle in the above water. Do not pour any chemical into drains such as paint, foil, grease or oil. It is important that there are no substances that may harm the environment or human health in the above-water pipework and wastewater should be returned to recycling facilities.

Illustration of people working in a creative village in Gufunes

General about the water conservation area

Sewage water is water that has been used e.g. bath water, water from sinks and toilets, from washing machines and from car washing. During use, various substances such as waste from people, food residues, oils, soaps, cleaning agents, metals and even hazardous substances may mix in otherwise clean water. Each person is responsible for not discharging pollutants and wastes into wastewater because such discharges adversely affect the environment and the biomass and may also cause harm to the wastewater system itself.

It is necessary to purify wastewater in order to reduce the negative impact on the environment. There is therefore a requirement for separate layers of abovewater and dewatering, by means of which wastewater can be supplied to different levels depending on the required level of purification. Rainwater or abovewater, e.g. in the streets, is generally not contaminated by microorganisms or chemicals, and it is often sufficient for simple cleaning of such water to be carried out before it is discharged into the environment. In scrap, in turn, there are large amounts of microorganisms that are hazardous to human health and large amounts of organic matter and waste to be treated separately.

Regulatory framework

There is a regulation in force on waivers and scholarships and a law on the construction and operation of waivers. Regulation No 798/1999 is based on the European Directive on school discharges from urban areas (No. 271/1991/EEC). It should also be mentioned that in effect the ratification of the Ratification Decree in no. 593–2001

Provider is responsible for operating and constructing the dispensary in Reykjavík and the Health Department supervises the dispensary in accordance with Regulation 798/1999 on dispensaries and schools.

Obligations of property owners

Article 12 of the Law on the Construction and Operation of Sewage Treatment Plants deals with the sewage treatment plants and the obligations of the property owners:

  • The owners of the housing units where the drainage is located are obliged, at their own expense, to provide for the repair and maintenance of the homes for the drainage to be connected to the drainage system. The pipework shall be connected to the layers of drainage at the location and with the altitude configuration specified by the drainage operator.

  • In wastewater treatment plants, topsoil and scrubber shall be segregated unless otherwise authorized.

  • If the owner of a property renews his/her withdrawal system so that the new system separates the above-water and the below-water scrubber, the owners of the property shall simultaneously renew the homes or major renovations to separate the above-water and the below-water scrubber.

  • Where two or more immovable property occupy a common property, their owners shall jointly take care of and expense the repair, operation and maintenance of the common property unless otherwise agreed.

  • Homeowners are required to keep their home's drainage pipes clean and to ensure they do not become clogged.

The homeowners are therefore responsible, in accordance with the above, for the rectification and maintenance of the drains running from their properties.

  • See Act No. 9/2009 on the construction and operation of catchments 

Roots and seams

A flush from any building in Reykjavík that cannot be connected to the city sewer shall be subject to decay. The application for the construction or restoration of the rotunda must be submitted to the Construction Supervisor in Reykjavik together with the specific drawings showing the type and location and must be approved by the National Health Service for the design, type, size and location of the rotunda.

All indoor precipitation and outdoor car storage facilities shall be evacuated with scrubbing, bathing and washing water. Drainage from furnaces or de-melting systems should not be carried out unless approved by the National Health Service. Roof water and other surface water should not be allowed to decompose.


Urgent contamination

Urgent contamination refers to a sudden event that requires an immediate response. The Environmental Protection Agency is in charge of emergency marine and coastal pollution and pollution incidents in general on the land as a whole. However, the organization of the reaction itself is divided according to the location of the contamination incident. The local fire warden has the control of the site in the event of land pollution accidents pursuant to Act No. 75/2000 on Private Limited Liability Companies. 

Urgent contamination of land should be reported to the fire department or police at 112 .

Urgent pollution at sea should be reported to the National Maritime Safety Service at 511-3333 .

Car Wash

The Health Department directs residents that car washing with household chemicals is not desirable at all. Dust contaminated by heavy metals, carcinogens and nanomaterials can get into the wild when cars are washed. It is encouraged that less soap is used and the car is further washed in the washing area with an appropriate anti-pollution device than at home. Extensive use of chemical products is undesirable from an environmental point of view, as both substances can be harmful if they go into the wild and their production often has a bad environmental impact.


The rules are these:

  • Washing the car at a car wash station or plan where drainage water is to some extent cleaned or contaminants from cars are washed away and treated as wastewater. Unwanted materials should be drained there - but not drained at home in the carport that goes directly to the top without cleaning.

  • Dropping cleaners as far as possible or

  • Use environmentally certified cleaners, bonuses, and other products to wash your car.

  • It is wise to look for eco-labelled detergents e.g. Swan branded washing plants and it would be desirable for operators to see an advantage in operating environmentally certified car washing plants and plants.


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